Wushu, which is also referred to as Kungfu, is the collective term for the martial art practices originated and developed in China, and wushu is the well-spring of all Asian martial practices. Over its long history, wushu has developed into numerous distinct styles and systems, each incorporating their own techniques, tactics, principles and methods., as well as the use of a wide variety of traditional weaponry. The differing styles that have emerged focus on many aspects of combat, but more importantly they have absorbed the pupular philosophies and moal practices of the people in China over the past 5000 years of development. With that wushu has developed into more than just a simple system of attack and defence and has become a way to cultivate the body, mind and spirit in a positive way that is beneficial to all that practice it.
The character "Wu" in wushu is composed of two Chinese characters, namely "Zhi" With that the essence of the character Wu is indeed to stop conflict and promote peace.
The practice of wushu not only develops a strong and healthy body, but also a strong mind with high humanistic values, as its practice focuses on "Wu De" or matial ethics.
Today wushu has developed into various forms of practice, each with its own focus and goals. Some practices highlight health and well-being as their primary aim, whhile others stress maintaining the traditional cultue and skills from which the arts originated. More recently, wushu has develped into a global competitive sport, which is practiced and enjoyed by thousands of people worldwide due to its unique and exciting content. Competitive wushu is categorized into two main categories namely Taolu (Routines Competition) and Shanshou (Free Fighting competition).
Competitive wushu has develped from traditional wushu and is presented to the world in the form of medrn olympic sport with a perfect combination of ancient practices and modern sports principles. Athletes perform routines (barehanded or weponry) based on specific rules, highlighting their athletic strengths.
Routines are appraised by a panel of judges who evaluate different aspects of performance - namely qualify of movements, overall performance and degree of difficulty, and they award a score based on an athelete's performance and degree of difficulties and, they award score based on an athelete's performance.Individual Taolu routines include optional routines, compulsory routines, choreographed duel/sparring routines and group routines.
WUSHU routines, practiced either bare handed or with weapons, involving various combination of attack and defence, advance and retreat, dyanmic and static state, quickness and slowness, toughness and softwness, solidity and emptiness etc.